Local agencies and companies as well as a number of academic departments and programs within the University have collaborated to guide coursework and promote practice-based research to current issues within the field of environmental health. The division was developed in collaboration with experts from the United States Environmental Protection Agency and with faculty members from Loyola’s Institute of Environmental Sustainability. Our research focuses on policies and outcomes related to water quality and management, pesticides, and vector control.
Our current operational research has centered on the the association of mosquitoes and pesticides with public infrastructure (including what is often referred to as "Green Infrastructure") and the evaluation of mosquito control pesticides.
Our work provides further evidence that mosquito species capable of transmitting West Nile Virus (WNV) can be found widely in public infrastructure. We have also found that some commonly-used pesticide formulations may not be effective in reducing these mosquitoes in many stormwater catch basins. Hundreds of thousands of these structures can exist in metropolitan areas and are among the most common public infrastructure sources associated with mosquitoes.
List of mosquito and public infrastructure peer-reviewed publications
- Harbison J.E., Zazra D., Henry M., Xamplas C., and R. Kafensztok. Assessment of reactive catch basin larvicide treatments toward improved water quality using FourStar® briquets and CocoBear™ larvicide oil. 2015 J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 31:283-5.
- Harbison J.E., Layden J. E., Xamplas C., Zazra D., Henry M, and M. O’Hara Ruiz. 2015. Observed loss and ineffectiveness of mosquito larvicides applied to catch basins in the northern suburbs of Chicago IL, 2014. 2015 Environmental Health Insights. 9:1-5.
- Miller N., Mettelman R.C., Baker S.C., and J.E. Harbison. 2015. Use of CDC gravid traps in catch basins: proof-of-concept trials. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 31:196-199.
- Harbison J.E., Sinacore J.M., Henry M., Xamplas C., Dugas L., and M. O’Hara Ruiz. Identification of larvicide-resistant catch basins from 3 years of larvicide trials in a suburb of Chicago IL. 2014. Environmental Health Insights. 8(S2)
- Harbison J.E., Henry M., Xamplas C., and L. Dugas. 2014. Evaluation of Culex pipiens populations in a residential area with a high density of catch basins in a suburb of Chicago, Illinois. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 30:228-230
- Harbison J.E., Henry M., Xamplas C., Berry R., Bhattacharya D., and L. Dugas. 2014. A comparison of FourStar™ briquets and Natular™ XRT tablets in a North Shore suburb of Chicago, IL J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 30:68-70.
- Harbison J.E., Henry M., Xamplas C., and R. Berry. 2013. Experimental use of Natular™ XRT tablets in a North Shore suburb of Chicago, IL. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 29: 237-242
- Metzger M.E., Harbison J.E., Burns J.E., and R. Hu. 2012. Ability of Newly-Emerged Adult Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes to exit Belowground Stormwater Treatment Systems via Lateral Conveyance Pipes. J. Med. Entomol. 49:343-349.
- Metzger M.E., Harbison J.E., and R. Hu. 2011. Discovery of vector mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) in newly-installed above- and belowground stormwater treatment systems in San Diego County, California. J. Med. Entomol. 48: 1136-1144.
- Harbison J.E., Metzger M.E., and R. Hu. 2011. Seasonal oviposition of Culex quinquefasciatus in proprietary belowground stormwater treatment systems in an urban area of southern California. J. Vector Ecol. 36: 224-226.
- Harbison J.E., Metzger M.E., Neumann C.G., Galal O., Hu R., and V.L. Kramer. 2010. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 26: 198-204.
- Harbison J.E., Metzger M.E., and R. Hu. 2010. Association between Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera:Culicidae) oviposition and structural features of belowground stormwater treatment devices. J. Med. Entomol. 47: 67-73.
- Harbison J.E., Metzger M.E., Allen II V., and R. Hu. 2009. Evaluation of manhole inserts as structural barriers to mosquito entry into belowground stormwater systems using a simulated treatment device. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 25:356-360.
- Harbison J.E., Metzger M.E., Walton W.E., and R. Hu. 2009. Evaluation of factors for rapid development of Culex quinquefasciatus in belowground stormwater treatment devices J. Vector Ecol. 34: 182-190.
- Harbison J.E., Metzger M.E., Hu R., Fritz C.L., and V.L. Kramer. 2008. Effect of conveyance pipe dimension and orientation on mosquito oviposition in a simulated stormwater management device. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 24: 98-104.
- Henn J.B., Metzger M.E., Kwan J.A., Harbison J.E., Fritz C.L., Riggs-Nagy J.,, Shindelbower M., and V.L. Kramer. 2008. Development of Culex mosquitoes in stormwater management structures in California. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 24: 90-97.
Industry magazine articles and book chapter
- Harbison J.E. and M.E. Metzger. 2014. Guest Editorial - Urban Runoff: the Fundamental Link between Mosquito Control and Stormwater Agencies. Stormwater. 15(2): 8-15
- Harbison JE, Bhattacharya D. 2013. Clean water legislation and mosquito control. In Bhattacharya D. Public Health Policy: Issues, Theories, and Advocacy (San Francisco: Wiley, Jossey-Bass 2013), 209-212
- Harbison J.E. 2013. Can catch basin maintenance lead to more mosquitoes? American Public Works Association Reporter. August: 112-13
- Harbison J.E. and M.E. Metzger. 2010. Feature article. We want you to fight stormwater mosquitoes: a call for interagency and interdisciplinary collaboration. Stormwater. 11(6): 22-32.